1 portion contains as much as 45 g of pure carbohydrates, originating from as many as 5 sources with different kinetics of absorption, whose molecules, which are produced by glucose and fructose, support the energy generation in anaerobic processes
Chart 1. Oxidation ratio of the ingested carbohydrates (glucose + fructose) in the function of their supplied quantities, during medium-intensity physical activity
Data adapted from: Pfeiffer B. Carbohydrate intake and metabolism during prolonged endurance exercise. PhD Thesis. The School of Sport and Exercise Sciences. The University of Birmingham. May 2010
MCT oil – an ultra-concentrated form of energy, supplying twice as much energy than the same quantity of carbohydrates. Triglycerides with medium-chain fatty acids which, following absorption from the digestive tract, may be used by the working muscles much faster (than the fats with normal-length chains), constitute a substrate for energy generation in aerobic processes. Research has shown that short-term administration of small quantities of MCT oil may decrease the level of lactates in the blood and the feeling of fatigue, thus considerably increasing the duration of a high-intensity workout.
Chart 2. The level of glucose in the blood during three hours of cycling at 50% Wmax in a group of individuals ingesting carbohydrates (yellow) and placebo (blue)
Data adapted from Stellingwerff T. et al., Plugers Arch. 2007; 454(4): 635-647.
Beta-alanine – one of the basic substances preventing the decrease of intracellular pH, which may impair the effectiveness of ATP production and, as a result, decrease exercise capacity
Chart 3. Duration of physical effort until exhaustion at a workload corresponding to 80% peak VO2 (as continuation after 40 minutes at a workload corresponding to 60% VO2); MCT – medium-chain triglycerides, LCT – long-chain triglycerides
Data adapted from: Nosaka N, Suzuki Y, Nagatoishi A, Kasai M, Wu J, Taguchi M. Effect of ingestion of medium-chain triacylglycerols on moderate- and high-intensity exercise in recreational athletes. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2009 Apr;55(2):120-5.
Glucuronolactone – participates in the detoxification of the body (8) while acting in synergy with beta-alanine
Chart 4. Changes in physical working capacity in a 6-week cycle in a group taking supplements of beta-alanine (golden) and taking no supplements (blue)
Adapted from Smith AE et al. Effects of β-alanine supplementation and high-intensity interval training on endurance performance and body composition in men; a double-blind trial. J Int Soc Sports Nutr. 2009;6:5-5.
The remainder of the product's ingredients exhibits full synergy of action in terms of supporting the body during the intensive work of the nervous system (including magnesium) or conversions of carbohydrates and proteins (B-group vitamins); additional antioxidants (vitamins C and E) protect cellular proteins from the destructive influence of free radicals, produced in enormous quantities during prolonged physical exercise.
Chart 5. Distance run in 10-minute intervals during a simulated football match, with observation of a group taking the caffeine supplement (3 mg per kilogram of body mass; golden) and taking no supplements (blue).
Adapted from Del Coso J et al. Effects of a Caffeine-Containing Energy Drink on Simulated Soccer Performance. PLoS ONE 7(2): e31380, 2012.
||1 sachet (80 g)
||2 sachets (160 g)||Per 100 g|
|Energy||847 kJ/ 199 kcal||1693 kJ/ 399 kcal||1058 kJ/249 kcal|
of which saturates
of which sugars
| 55 g
|Fibre||0 g||0 g||0 g|
|Protein||4,2 g||8,4 g||5,2 g|
|Salt||2,7 g||5,4 g||3,4 g|
|Vitamin B1||0,55 mg (50%*)||1,1 mg (100%*)||0,69 mg (63%*)|
|Niacin (mg NE)||8 mg (50%*)||16 mg (100%*)||10 mg (63%*)|
|Vitamin E||6 mg (50%*)||12 mg (100%*)||7,5 mg (63%*)|
|Vitamin B12||1,25 µg (50%*)||2,5 µg (100%*)||1,56 µg (63%*)|
|Magnesium||57 mg (15%*)||114 mg (30%*)||71 m (19%*)|
|Sodium||1,1 g||2,1 g||1,3 g|
|Taurine||1000 mg||2000 mg||1250 mg|
|L-carnitine||600 mg||1200 mg||750 mg|
|MCT oil||500 mg||1000 mg||625 mg|
|Beta-alanine||250 mg||500 mg||313 mg|
|Glucuronolactone||75 mg||150 mg||94 mg|
|Caffeine||50 mg||100 mg||62,5 mg|